HTTP Live players Yan wasa: Abubuwa 5 da kuke Bukatar Ku sani

http live mai kunnawa mai gudana

Mai kunnawa HLS wanda kuma aka sani da HTTP kai tsaye yana gudana yarjejeniya ce ta sadarwa wacce ita ce kirkirar apple wancan da farko an tsara shi ne kawai don na'urorin Apple amma daga ƙarshe ya zama ya dace da wasu na'urori kuma. Daga cikin fasalolin yabo da yawa, dandamali mai gudana na HTTP yana amfani da Yawo mai dacewa fasaha wacce ke amfani da masu biyan kuɗi ta hanyar samar musu da buƙatun buƙatun buƙatun raye raye da raye raye tsakanin ɗaukacin na'urorin Apple.

Me yasa muke buƙatar zuwa don fasahar HLS Player?

Kafin mu tsallake kan bandwagon na amfani da wani Mai kunnawa HLS bari mu fara ganin dalilan farko da yasa mutum zaiyi amfani da su a farkon.

  • Karfinsu - Mai kunnawa HLS yana da girma a ko'ina wanda ke tallafawa a zahiri kowane mai bincike ciki har da amma ba'a iyakance shi ga Quicktime, Safari, masu bincike na Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Linux da dandamali na Microsoft wanda ke sanya HLS zaɓi mafi kyau tsakanin masu fafatawa. 
  • Hanyar Madaidaiciya - HLS streaming yana ba da sauti da abun ciki na bidiyo ta intanet ta hanya sumul. Yawancin sabis ɗin mai kunna bidiyo mai gudana wanda ke samuwa a kasuwa a yau ana buƙatar tafiya ta cikin jerin ayyukan aiki daidai daga daidaiton kayan aiki zuwa tsarin software amma a gefe guda, HLS yawo Ana isar dasu a cikin dukkan na'urori ta fayilolin M3U8. Fayilolin M3U8 sun ƙunshi wurin fayil ɗin mai jarida a cikin jerin jerin waƙoƙi, inda aka adana shi azaman hanyar fayil a cikin injin gida da kuma URL don gudana kai tsaye. 
  • Taimaka Capididdigar Rufe - 'Yan wasan HLS captionunshi rubutaccen rufaffiyar taken kuma an haɗa su cikin rafin jigilar-MPEG-2.  

Ta yaya HLS Player ke aiki?

The Mai kunnawa HLS yafi kunshi abubuwa guda uku, bangaren farko shine sabar, na biyu shine bangaren masu rarrabawa kuma na karshe shine software na abokin ciniki.

  • HLS Bidiyon Bidiyo asali yana samun shigarwar sauti da bidiyo suna ɓoye su ta hanyar dijital kuma yana sanya su cikin tsari mai jituwa. 
  • Na gaba a bangaren rarrabawa wanda ke daukar nauyin jerin sabun gidan yanar gizo na asali, ana samun bukatar abokin harka kuma a aika musu da su ta hanyar fayilolin fihirisa. 
  • Anan abokin ciniki ya karanta fayilolin fihirisar kuma ya buƙaci dawo da abun cikin da ake buƙata wanda aka raba shi cikin ɓangarori. Tare da taimakon Hanyar Rarraba Abun Cutar (CDN), duk waɗannan buƙatun da amsoshin ana kama su a cikin ɓoye. Wannan yana rage girman nauyin sabar yanar gizo sosai yayin da sauran abokan harka suka nemi irin wannan bayanan. 

HTTP Liveflow Workflow

Fasali na HLS Player

Mai kunnawa HLS shine mizanin daidaitacce don duk sauti da rarar bidiyo saboda fasalulluka daban-daban wanda ke haɓaka ƙwarewar kallo ba tare da wani abu ba.  

  1. Yawo Bitrate yawo - Ko kuna amfani da hanyar sadarwar mai waya ko mara waya mara amfani da fasaha mai saurin saurin saurin saurin bada damar masu amfani su saba da ingancin saurin gudu sosai kuma suna tabbatar da ingantacciyar ingancin yawo ba tare da wata tsangwama ba. 'Yan wasan HLS ana ɗaukarsu ɗayan mafi kyau dandamali na yada bidiyo inda masu amfani zasu iya fuskantar hoto cikakke mai inganci tare da taimakon waɗannan fasahohin HLS a ƙananan bitrates sannan kuma yana iya isar da Html5 rayayyun abubuwan bidiyo masu gudana ta hanyar sumul. Sabili da haka, fasahar HLS ta kasance matsayin ma'auni na zinare don rayar da sauti kai tsaye da kuma abun cikin bidiyo.
  2. Playeran wasa da yawa - A wannan zamani da zamani, mai kunna bidiyo mai gudana yakamata ya iya isar da abubuwan da ke ciki tare da inganci mai kyau komai na'urar da za'a iya kallon su tana da mahimmanci. Mai kunnawa na HLS yana amfani da yarjejeniya mafi gudana don gudanawar watsa labarai wanda ke amfani da sabuwar fasaha. HLS suna kwarara zuwa wayoyin komai da ruwanka, Allunan, PCs da duk wasu na'urori a cikin kowane irin tsari kamar MP4, M3U8 ko MPEG dash ko kuma a kowane irin tsari kuma.  
  3. HLS & Dash Adaptive - DASH shine tsarin daidaitaccen tsarin yawo wanda yake magaji ga hanyar yawo ta HLS. DASH adaptive yana ba da daidaitattun daidaitattun ƙasashen duniya wanda ya dogara da yarjejeniyar HTTP. Tare da fasahar HLS da Dash Adaptive streaming, za a iya isar da kayan aikin watsa labarai daga kowane sabobin gidan yanar gizo na al'ada a fadin intanet.
  4. Multi-bitrate HD Zabi lullube haruffa - Fasahar HLS tana amfani da fasaha mai amfani da yawa-bitrate inda aka tsara tushen bidiyo kuma aka sanya shi cikin ƙira daban-daban kuma aka watsa shi a cikin hanyar sadarwar Ci gaban Abun ciki. Wannan nau'in Multi-bitrate ko rafuka masu yawa suna sa waɗannan waƙoƙin yawo na bidiyo su tsaya a tsakanin masu fafatawa. Waɗannan kuma suna bawa masu kallo damar zaɓar rafi gwargwadon bandwidth ɗin su ta hanya sumul. Misali, idan mai kallo yana da bandwidth mafi girma, zasu iya zabar 1080p60 ko don matsakaiciyar bandwidth zasu iya zaɓar 480p ko 360p da sauransu. 

HTTP kai tsaye yawo

  1. HLS Encryption yawo - Ainihin, ɓoye HLS yana amfani da hanyar ɓoye AES inda aka sanya fayilolin bidiyo ta amfani da algorithms na musamman. HLS encryption streaming yana amfani da hanyoyi masu tasiri da yawa don tabbatar da ɓoye bayanan a cikin yarjejeniyar HTTPS ba tare da fayyace maɓallin kai tsaye daga fayil ɗin da aka bayyana ba.

HTTP Rayayyar Rayayyar Kai tsaye

  1. Saurin Sake kunnawa - Lokacin sake kunnawa yana da mahimmanci ga kowane silsilar bidiyo mai gudana tare da fasahar HLS yadda yakamata yana bada saurin kunnawa da taimakon amazon sabis ɗin yanar gizo tare da ɓacin lokaci.

Mai kunnawa HLS yana ba da goyan baya na ƙarshe ga masu amfani da ƙarancin inganci da ƙarfi tsakanin ɗayan sauran tsarin rayuwa mai gudana. Don taƙaitawa, fasaha mai gudana ta HLS tana da fa'idodi da yawa kamar tsarin yawo mai daidaitawa, yana tallafawa dandamali daban-daban, ya ƙunshi ƙimar bit-bit wacce za a iya isar da shi ta ƙetaren kwamfyutoci da na'urori daban-daban ta hannu ba tare da matsala ba. 

An kunna shine ɗayan mafi kyawun playersan wasan HLS a cikin kasuwa a yau waɗanda ke ba da fasali masu tursasawa waɗanda suke daidai da manyan fasahohin ƙira waɗanda ke ba masu amfani da kyakkyawan ƙwarewar gani. Tare da saurin sake kunnawa, Vplay tana watsa bidiyo da abun cikin odiyo a cikin amintaccen girgije mai karɓar muhalli. 

Duba Fitowar HLS Player

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