Yadda zaka amintar da WordPress cikin Matakai 10 masu Sauƙi

Yadda zaka amintar da gidan yanar sadarwarka na WordPress

Shin kun san cewa sama da 90,000 masu fashin kwamfuta ake ƙoƙari kowane minti akan shafukan yanar gizo na WordPress a duniya? Da kyau, idan kun mallaki gidan yanar gizon da aka yi amfani da WordPress, wannan adadin ya dame ku. Babu matsala idan kuna gudanar da ƙaramar kasuwanci. Masu satar bayanai ba sa nuna bambanci dangane da girma ko mahimmancin gidan yanar gizo. Suna kawai neman lahani ne wanda za a iya amfani da shi don amfanin su.

Kuna iya yin mamaki - me yasa masu fashin kwamfuta ke amfani da shafukan WordPress a farko? Me suke samu ta hanyar tsunduma cikin irin wadannan munanan ayyukan? 

Bari mu gano.

Me yasa 'Yan Dandatsa ke Niyyar Shafukan WordPress?

Kasance a kan WordPress ko kowane dandamali; babu wani rukunin yanar gizo da zai aminta daga masu fashin kwamfuta. Kasancewa mafi sanannen dandamali na CMS, Shafukan yanar gizo na WordPress sun fi so. Ga abin da suke yi:

  • Gano sabo matsalar rashin tsaro, waɗanda suke da sauƙin samun sauƙin kan ƙananan rukunoni. Da zarar ɗan fashin kwamfuta ya koya game da kowane rauni ko rauni, za su iya amfani da iliminsu don ƙaddamar da manyan gidajen yanar gizo da haifar da ƙarin lalacewa.
  • Canza wurin zirga zirgar ka zuwa shafukan yanar gizo da ba a nema ba. Wannan sanannen dalili ne na sanya ido kan shafukan yanar gizo masu cuwa-cuwa, sakamakon haka gidan yanar gizo na gaske na iya rasa duk masu amfani da shi zuwa wani gidan yanar gizon da ake zargi.
  • Samun kuɗi ko samar da kudaden shiga daga siyar da kayayyakin haramtattun kayayyaki akan shafuka na gaske ko ta hanyar bambance-bambancen malware kamar su ransomware ko crypto mining.
  • Samu damar samun ilimi ko bayanan sirri kamar bayanan abokin ciniki, bayanan kasuwanci na sirri, ko bayanan asusun kamfanin. Masu fashin kwamfuta za su iya ci gaba da siyar da waɗannan bayanan da aka sata don kuɗi ko amfani da su don duk wata fa'ida ta rashin adalci.

Yanzu da yake mun san yadda masu fashin kwamfuta za su iya cin gajiyar nasarar cin nasara ko sasantawa, bari mu ci gaba da tattauna hanyoyin gwada-gwada guda goma na kullawa a shafin WordPress.

10 Hanyoyi ingantattu na amincin shafin ka

Abin farin ciki ga WordPress, akwai hanyoyi daban-daban da zaku iya amfani dasu don haɓaka tsaron gidan yanar gizo. Mafi kyawun ɓangare game da waɗannan hanyoyin shine cewa yawancinsu basu da rikitarwa kuma ana iya aiwatar dasu ta kowane mai amfani da WordPress. Don haka, bari mu fara. 

Mataki 1: Updateaukaka Core WordPress da Plari da Jigogi

Siffofin WordPress da suka tsufa, tare da tsofaffin abubuwan da aka tsara da jigogi suna daga cikin dalilan gama gari don shafukan yanar gizo na yin kutse. Masu fashin kwamfuta sau da yawa suna amfani da kwari masu alaƙa da tsaro a cikin WordPress na baya da nau'ikan sifofin / taken har yanzu suna gudana akan yawancin shafukan WordPress.

Mafi kyawon kiyaye ku daga wannan barazanar shine ku sabunta kullun WordPress ɗinku akai-akai tare da sabuntawa zuwa sabbin juzu'in shigarwar plugins / jigogi. Don yin wannan, ko dai ba da damar “Updateaukakawa ta atomatik” a cikin asusun gudanarwa na WordPress ko ɗauki duk abubuwan shigarwar da aka girka a halin yanzu / jigogi.

Mataki na 2: Yi amfani da Kariyar Firewall 

Masu fashin kwamfuta sau da yawa suna tura bots na atomatik ko buƙatun IP don samun damar shiga shafukan WordPress. Idan sun yi nasara ta wannan hanyar, masu fashin kwamfuta za su iya yin barna sosai a kan kowane shafi. An gina bangon gidan yanar gizo don gano buƙatun IP daga adiresoshin IP da ake zargi da toshe irin waɗannan buƙatun tun kafin su isa sabar yanar gizo.

Firewall
Firewall. Bayanin tsaro. Tunanin fasaha ya zama sananne a kan farin

 Kuna iya aiwatar da kariya ta bango don gidan yanar gizonku ta hanyar zaɓi don:

  • A cikin ginanniyar wuta - daga kamfanin gidan yanar sadarwar ku
  • Wuraren wuta masu girgije - an shirya shi a dandamali na gajimare na waje
  • Tacewar wuta mai kwakwalwa - ana iya sanyawa akan shafin yanar gizonku na WordPress

Mataki na 3: Scan da Cire Duk wani Malware

Masu fashin kwamfuta suna ci gaba da zuwa da sababbin bambance-bambancen malware don yin sulhu a shafin. Yayinda wasu malware zasu iya haifar da mummunan lalacewa nan take kuma zasu gurgunta gidan yanar gizan ku, wasu kuma sunada rikitarwa kuma suna da wahalar ganowa koda na kwanaki ko sati. 

Mafi kyawu kariya ga malware shine a kai a kai ana binciken cikakken shafin yanar gizan ku don kowane cuta. Top WordPress tsaro plugins kamar MalCare da WordFence suna da kyau don ganewa da wuri da kuma tsabtace ɓarnatar da malware. Wadannan fannonin tsaro suna da sauƙin shigarwa da aiwatarwa koda ga masu amfani da fasaha.

malware

Mataki na 4: Yi Amfani da Mai Gidan yanar gizo mai aminci da Amintacce 

Baya ga tsoffin juzu'in WordPress da kari / jigogi, saitin gidan yanar gizon yana da muhimmiyar faɗi a cikin tsaron gidan yanar gizon ku. Misali, masu fashin kwamfuta sau da yawa suna yin niyya akan gidan yanar gizo akan hanyar haɗin gizon da aka raba wanda ke raba wannan sabar tsakanin gidajen yanar gizo da yawa. Kodayake haɗin gizon yana da tasiri, amma masu fashin kwamfuta suna iya sauƙaƙa yanar gizon da aka shirya sannan kuma yada kamuwa da cutar zuwa duk sauran rukunin yanar gizon.

Don kasancewa a gefen aminci, zabi don tsarin tallata gidan yanar gizo tare da kayan aikin tsaro. Kauce wa masu masaukin baki kuma, a maimakon haka, je don tallata tushen VPS ko gudanarwar WordPress.

Mataki na 5: aauki Cikakken Ajiyayyen shafin yanar gizonku na WordPress

Adreshin gidan yanar gizo na iya zama mai ceton rai idan wani abu ya tafi tare da gidan yanar gizon ku. Abubuwan adanawa na WordPress suna adana kwafin gidan yanar gizonku da fayilolin bayanai a wuri mai aminci. A yayin samun nasarar nasara cikin nasara, zaka iya mayar da fayilolin ajiyar cikin gidan yanar gizon ku kuma daidaita ayyukan ta.

Ana iya aiwatar da madadin WordPress ta hanyoyi daban-daban, amma mafi kyawun fasaha ga masu amfani da fasaha ba ta hanyar plugins ɗin ajiya kamar BlogVault ko AjiyayyenBuddy. Sauƙaƙe don shigarwa da amfani, waɗannan maɓallan madadin zasu iya sanya ayyukan da suka danganci ajiyar kai ta yadda za ku iya mai da hankali kan ayyukanku na yau da kullun.

Mataki na 6: Kare Shafin Shiga na WordPress

Daga cikin shafukan yanar gizon da aka fi sani da masu fashin kwamfuta, shafin shiga na WordPress zai iya ba da sauƙin samun dama ga asusunka na sirri. Ta yin amfani da hare-hare na zalunci, masu fashin kwamfuta suna tura bots na atomatik waɗanda ke ta ƙoƙari akai-akai don samun damar zuwa asusunka na "admin" ta hanyar hanyar shiga.

Akwai hanyoyi da yawa na kare shafin shigarku. Misali, zaku iya ɓoye ko canza adireshin shiga na adireshinku na URL, wanda yawanci shine www.mysite.com/wp-admin. 

Shahararren Shafin shiga na yanar gizo kamar "Theme My Login" yana ba ka damar ɓoye (ko canza) shafin shigarka cikin sauƙi.

Mataki na 7: Cire duk wasu abubuwa da ba a yi amfani da su ba da kuma Jigogi

Kamar yadda aka ambata a baya, plugins / jigogi na iya samar da ƙofa mai sauƙi ga masu fashin kwamfuta don ƙirƙirar ɓarna tare da rukunin yanar gizonku na WordPress. Hakanan gaskiyane ga duk wasu abubuwanda ba'a amfani dasu ko kuma basa aiki da kuma jigogi. Idan kun girka adadi mai yawa daga waɗannan a rukunin yanar gizonku kuma ba ku amfani da su, yana da kyau ku cire su ko maye gurbinsu da ƙarin abubuwan plugins / jigogi.

Yaya kuke yin wannan? Shiga cikin asusunku na WordPress azaman admin mai amfani da duba jerin abubuwan shigarwa / jigogi da aka girka yanzu. Share duk abubuwan plugins / jigogin da basa aiki yanzu.

Mataki na 8: Yi amfani da kalmomin shiga masu ƙarfi

Shin wannan bai kamata ya zama bayyananne ba? Amma duk da haka, har yanzu muna da rauni kalmomin shiga kamar password da kuma 123456 ana amfani dashi. Masu fashin kwamfuta suna amfani da kalmomin shiga marasa ƙarfi don aiwatar da mummunan harin ƙarfi.

karfi kalmar sirri

Ga duk masu amfani da WordPress, aiwatar da wasu jagororin.Yi amfani da kalmomin shiga na a kalla haruffa 8, tare da haɗuwa da manyan abubuwa da ƙananan abubuwa, alphanumerics, da haruffa na musamman. Measurearin matakan tsaro ya zama ya canza kalmomin shiga na WordPress aƙalla sau ɗaya a kowane watanni uku.

Mataki 9: Samu Takaddun Shaidar SSL don Gidan yanar gizonku

Short for Secure Socket Layer, Takaddun shaidar SSL shine cikakken dole ga kowane gidan yanar gizo, gami da shafukan WordPress. Me yasa aka dauke shi mafi aminci? Kowane gidan yanar gizon da aka tabbatar da SSL yana ɓoye bayanin da ake wucewa tsakanin sabar yanar gizo da mai binciken mai amfani. Wannan ya sa ya fi wuya ga masu satar bayanai su sata tare da satar wannan bayanan sirri. Menene ƙari? Hakanan Google suna da fifikon waɗannan rukunin yanar gizon kuma suna karɓar Matsayi mafi girma na Google.

amintacce https ssl
Adireshin Intanit mai kariya yana nuna akan allo.

Kuna iya samun takardar shaidar SSL daga mai ba da sabis na gidan yanar gizon da ke karɓar rukunin yanar gizonku. Hakanan, zaku iya girka kayan aikin kamar Bari mu Encrypt akan gidan yanar gizonku don takaddar shaidar SSL.

Mataki 10: Yi amfani da Yanar Gizon Yanar Gizo na WordPress 

Mataki na ƙarshe shine ƙaddamar da tsauraran matakan gidan yanar gizo waɗanda WordPress suka tsara. WordPress Yanar gizo hardening ya ƙunshi matakai da yawa waɗanda suka haɗa da:

  • Kashe fasalin gyaran fayil don hana shigowar mummunar lambar a cikin mahimman fayilolin WordPress ɗinku
  • Kashe aikin aiwatar da fayil ɗin PHP wanda ke hana masu fashin kwamfuta aiwatar da fayilolin PHP waɗanda ke ƙunshe da kowace lambar ƙeta
  • Idingoye sigar WordPress wanda ke hana masu fashin bayanan gano sigar WordPress ɗinku da bincika duk wani rauni
  • Filesoye fayilolin wp-config.php da .htaccess waɗanda hackers ke amfani da su don lalata rukunin yanar gizonku na WordPress

a Kammalawa

Babu wani shafin yanar gizo na WordPress, babba ko karami, wanda yake da cikakkiyar aminci daga masu satar bayanai da ɓarnata. Koyaya, tabbas zaku iya inganta ƙimar tsaronku ta bin ɗayan waɗannan matakan goma waɗanda aka tsara a cikin wannan labarin. Waɗannan matakan suna da sauƙin aiwatarwa kuma baya buƙatar kowane ilimin fasaha na gaba.

Don sauƙaƙa abubuwa, yawancin plugins na tsaro suna haɗa yawancin waɗannan fasalulluka, kamar kariya ta bango, tsara abubuwa, cire malware, da kuma tauraron yanar gizo a cikin kayan su. Muna ba da shawarar sosai don sanya tsaron gidan yanar gizo wani ɓangare na ku Lissafin kulawa na yanar gizo

Bari mu san abin da kuke tunani game da wannan jerin. Shin mun rasa wani muhimmin matakin tsaro wanda ya zama dole? Bari mu sani a cikin ra'ayoyinku.

Me kuke tunani?

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