Dalilin da yasa Idanunmu Suna Bukatar plementarin Maƙalarin Fayel Kala… Da kuma Inda Za Ku Iya Yi Su

Schearin Maƙallan Palette Makircinsu

Shin kun san cewa akwai ainihin kimiyyar ilimin halittu a bayan yadda launuka biyu ko sama da haka suka dace da juna? Ni ba likitan ido bane kuma ba likitan ido bane, amma zanyi kokarin fassara ilimin kimiyya anan dan sauki kamar ni. Bari mu fara da launi gaba ɗaya.

Launuka Lokaci ne

Tuffa ja ne… daidai? Da kyau, ba da gaske ba. Mitar yadda haske ke nunawa da kuma shaƙuwa daga saman tuffa yana sanya ganowa, juyawa ta idanunmu azaman sigina, wanda aka aika zuwa kwakwalwarmu inda muke gane shi a matsayin “ja”. Ugh… wannan yana cutar da kaina kawai game da shi. Gaskiya ne though launi shine sau da yawa yawan haske. Anan akwai ra'ayi game da yanayin wutan lantarki da kuma yanayin kowane launuka:

Launi da Yanayin Hasken Lantarki

Wannan shine ainihin dalilin da yasa farin haske da aka nuna a cikin wani wuri ya samar da bakan gizo. Abin da ke faruwa da gaske shine cewa lu'ulu'u yana canza yanayin nisan yayin da hasken ya kera:

Prism
Fuskar ta lu'ulu'u ta watsa farin haske zuwa launuka da yawa.

Idanunka Masu Tsinkayawa ne

Idonka da gaske ne kawai mai gano mitar don kewayon mitocin launuka akan bakan lantarki. Ikonku na gano launuka yana faruwa ne ta hanyar nau'ikan nau'ikan mazugi a bangon idanunku waɗanda aka haɗa su da jijiyoyin gani. Wasu daga cikin wadannan cones din ne suke gano kowane zangon mitar, sannan aka fassara shi zuwa sigina zuwa jijiyarka ta gani, wanda aka aika zuwa kwakwalwarka, inda aka gano ta.

Shin kun taɓa lura cewa zaku iya kallon lokaci mai tsawo a wani abu mai girman gaske, ku kau da kai, ku ci gaba da ganin bayan fage wanda bai dace da asalin launukan da kuke kallo ba? Bari mu ce yana da shudiyar fili a kan farin bango:

Bayan wani lokaci, kwayoyin halittar idonka wadanda suke aiwatar da shudi mai haske za su gaji, hakan zai sa siginar da suke aikawa zuwa kwakwalwarka ta dan yi rauni. Tunda wancan ɓangaren na gani ya ɗan ɓace, idan ka kalli farin bango bayan ka kalle shi a filin mai shuɗi, za ka ga bayan lemu mai rauni. Abin da kuke gani shine fararren haske daga bango, ƙarami kaɗan na shuɗi, wanda kwakwalwarku ke sarrafa shi kamar lemu.

Ka'idar Launi 101: Yin Karin launuka don Aiki

Idan wannan gajiya ba ta faru ba, idanunmu da kwakwalwarmu ba dole ba ne su yi aiki tuƙuru don fassara yawancin nisan (misali launuka) da suke gani.

Kayayyakin Kayayyaki da Jituwa

Bari muyi kwatancen sauti da launi. Idan kun saurari mitoci daban-daban da kundin da basu dace da juna ba, kuna iya tunanin hakan azaman murya. Wannan ba ya bambanta da launi, inda haske, bambanci, da launi da aka gano na iya kasancewa ko dai na gani hayaniya ko cikawa. A cikin kowane matsakaici na gani, muna son aiki zuwa jituwa.

Shi ya sa ba kwa ganin ƙari a bayan fim ɗin da ke sanye da riga mai haske ja. Kuma shine dalilin da yasa masu kwalliyar ciki suke aiki tuƙuru don samun ƙarin launuka masu faɗi a bango, kayan ɗaki, zane-zane, da sauran kayan aikin ɗakin da suke zanawa. Launi yana da mahimmanci wajen ƙirƙirar yanayin da baƙon yake samu lokacin da suka shiga ciki bisa la'akari da sauƙi ga kwakwalwar su fassara launuka.

your paleti mai launi shi ne daidai da haɗuwa da ƙungiya a cikin kyakkyawan jituwa. Kuma kamar yadda muryoyi da kayan kida ke tattare a hankali suna daidaita cikin girma da mita… haka suma launuka masu dacewa na paletin launukanku. Zane mai launuka launuka da gaske tsari ne na fasaha ga ƙwararrun masanan da suka daidaita yadda ake gano launinsu, amma gabaɗaya ilimin kimiyyar lissafi ne kuma saboda ana iya lissafin mitocin kyauta.

Arin bayani game da jituwa jim kaɗan… bari mu dawo kan kaidar launi.

Launuka RGB

Pixels a cikin bakan dijital haɗuwa ce ja, kore, da shuɗi. Ja = 0, kore = 0, kuma shuɗi = 0 an nuna azaman farin da ja = 255, kore = 255, da shuɗi = 255 an gani kamar black. Duk abin da ke tsakanin launi daban-daban ne wanda ya ƙunshi ukun. Abubuwan yau da kullun na kirkirar kwalliyar kwalliyar kwalliya suna da sauƙi… kawai rage ragin RGB daga 255 don sabon darajar RGB. Ga misali:

Bambanci a cikin wannan yanayin nisan tsakanin lemu da shuɗi ya isa sosai ban da cewa yana da banbanci, amma ba haka bane da yake da wuya idanunmu su fassara. Mitocin launuka suna dacewa kuma suna farantawa masu karɓar mu!

Colorididdigar launi ɗaya mai sauƙi ne uting ƙididdigar 3 ko ƙarin launuka masu dacewa suna buƙatar ku ƙididdige adadin daidai tsakanin kowane zaɓuɓɓukan. Shi ya sa launi janareto makircin janareto shigo cikin sauki! Tare da ƙididdigar lissafi kaɗan da ake buƙata, waɗannan kayan aikin na iya samar muku da launuka da yawa waɗanda zasu dace da juna.

Ƙungiyar Wuta

Fahimtar dangantakar tsakanin launuka shine mafi kyawun gani ta amfani da dabaran launi. An shirya launuka a da'ira bisa dogaro da ƙimar dangin su. Tazarar radial shine jikewar launi da matsayin azimuthal akan da'irar kamar launin launi.

Ƙungiyar Wuta

Fun gaskiya: Sir Isaac Newton ya fara kirkirar Kayan Wuta mai Launi a shekarar 1665, ginshikin gwajin da yayi da kurkuku. Gwaje-gwajen nasa sun haifar da ka’idar cewa ja, rawaya da shuɗi sune launuka na farko waɗanda dukkansu ke samo asalinsu. Bayanin gefen… har ma ya sanya “bayanin kula” na kiɗa ga kowane launi.

Sanya min hannu da dacewa…

sabon launi mai launi

Nau'in Kawancen Launi

Abubuwan da ke tsakanin da yadda ake lissafin kowane launuka na kyauta ana san su da jituwa. Anan ga babban hoton bidiyo:

Daban-daban halaye suna hade da kowane nau'i:

  • Mai kamantawa - rukuni na launuka waɗanda suke kusa da juna akan keken launi. 
  • Monochromatic - rukuni-rukuni da aka samo daga asalin launuka iri ɗaya kuma aka miƙa ta amfani da inuwar sautunan ta, sautunan sa, da launukan sa.
  • Triad - rukuni na launuka waɗanda suke daidai kewaya a kusa da launi dabaran
  • Ƙarin - rukuni na launuka waɗanda suke gaba da juna akan keken launi.
  • Raba plementari - wani bambancin na karin inda ake amfani da launuka biyu da ke makwabtaka da kari.
  • Rectangle (Tetradic) - yana amfani da launuka huɗu waɗanda aka tsara su biyu masu haɗuwa
  • square - yayi kama da murabba'i mai dari, amma tare da dukkan launuka huɗu an daidaita su sosai a kewayen launi
  • M - launi da launuka biyu da ke makwabtaka da cikakken launi
  • Inuwa - daidaita tint (ƙara haske), ko inuwa (duhu) don launi na farko.

Waɗannan ba jigogi ne na asali ba, ainihin lissafin lissafi ne tare da sunaye masu amfani waɗanda ke taimaka mana fahimtar ƙididdigar.

Kalan janareta na Makarantar Launi

Ta amfani da janareta na makircin launuka masu launi, zaku iya samun kyawawan hade-hade masu launuka kamar wannan:

Sau da yawa ina amfani da janareto makircin makirci masu launi lokacin da nake aiki akan shafukan abokan ciniki. Saboda ni ba ƙwararre ne kan launuka ba, waɗannan kayan aikin suna taimaka mini don zaɓar abubuwa kamar abubuwan bango, kan iyakoki, ƙafafun kafa, launuka na firamare da na sakandare. Sakamakon shine gidan yanar gizon da yafi farantawa ido rai! Dabara ce, dabaru mai matukar karfi don amfani da tsarin kowane abu - daga talla zuwa gidan yanar gizon gaba daya.

Anan akwai manyan janareto makircin makircin janareto akan layi:

  • Adobe - kayan aiki mai ban sha'awa tare da launuka har zuwa 5 inda zaku iya gwada nau'ikan daban, yin gyare-gyare, har ma adana takenku a cikin kowane kayan Adobe.
  • BrandColor - mafi girman tarin lambobin alamun launi na hukuma kusa.
  • Canva - loda hoto kuma zasuyi amfani dashi azaman tushe don palet ɗinku!
  • Colllor - samar da daidaitaccen palet ɗin launi na yanar gizo tare da ɗan danna kaɗan. 
  • Mai tsara launi - Kawai zabi launi ko amfani da zababbun launuka kuma manhajar tana yin sauran. 
  • Farauta Launi - dandamali kyauta da buɗaɗɗɗe don wahayi mai launi tare da dubunnan launuka masu launi masu ɗauke da hannu
  • Mai launi - samar da launuka masu launi don Instagram don sanya shi mai daɗi sosai.
  • Kawa - janareta mai launi mai amfani da zurfin ilmantarwa. Zai iya koyon salon launi daga hotuna, fina-finai, da shahararrun fasaha.
  • Yankin Launi - kawai shigar da launuka daya zuwa uku kuma haifar da wasu makirci!
  • Launin launi - kyakkyawar ƙwarewar allo mai fa'ida don ƙirƙirar palon launukanku tare da adadin jituwa na hagu.
  • SANADI - ƙungiya mai ƙira inda mutane daga ko'ina cikin duniya ke ƙirƙira da raba launuka, palettes, da alamu, tattauna abubuwan zamani, da bincika abubuwa masu launuka.
  • Coolers - createirƙiri paleti cikakke ko samun dubun dubatar kyawawan launi.
  • Mai Launin Launin Bayanai - Yi amfani da mai zaɓin paleti don ƙirƙirar jerin launuka waɗanda suke gani daidai
  • Khroma - yana amfani da AI don koyon waɗanne launuka kuke so kuma yana ƙirƙirar palettes don ku gano, bincika, da adanawa.
  • Material Design - ƙirƙiri, raba, da amfani da makircin launi don UI ɗinku. Har ma ya zo tare da fitarwa don ƙa'idodinka!
  • Launuka Muzli - nameara sunan launi ko lamba, kuma samar da falo mai kyau.
  • Paletton - zaɓi launi na asali kuma za a yi wahayi zuwa gare ka.
  • Veranda - samun wahayi daga tarin launuka masu launuka masu ban mamaki. 

Launi da Dama

Da fatan za ku tuna yayin da kuke yanke shawarar tsara tsarin paletin ku na gaba cewa akwai adadi mai yawa na mutane masu lahani na gani da karancin launi waɗanda suke buƙatar ma'amala da abubuwanku.

  • bambanci - Kowane launi mai zaman kansa yana da luminance. Launuka na shimfiɗawa da abubuwan da ke kusa da su dole ne su sami yanayin haske na dangi na 4.5: 1 domin mutane masu larurar gani su iya rarrabe su. Ba zan shiga cikin wahalar kokarin gwada lissafin abin da kanka ba, za ku iya gwada yawanku launuka biyu da Mai launi, Bambanci Ratio, ko Colorsafe.
  • Iconography - Nuna fili a cikin jan ba ya taimaka wa wanda ke da raunin launi. Tabbatar da amfani da wani nau'in saƙo ko alama don sanar dasu akwai batun kuma.
  • Focus - Mutane da yawa suna kewaya tare da maballan waya ko masu karanta allo. Tabbatar cewa tsararren mai amfani da ku an tsara shi da kyau tare da yin alama don amfani don su suyi amfani da rukunin yanar gizon ku. Ga mutanen da suke da larurar gani, amfani da farin sarari da ikon ƙaruwa ko rage girman rubutu a inda ba zai lalata shimfidar ba yana da mahimmanci.

Shin kai masanin ido ne? Gwani mai launi? Gwanin gwani? Da fatan za a iya kyauta don ba ni wata jagora don inganta wannan labarin!

Me kuke tunani?

Wannan shafin yana amfani da Akismet don rage spam. Koyi yadda aka sarrafa bayanan bayaninka.