Blockchain - Gaban Fasahar Kudi

cigaban blockchain
Lokacin Karatu: 4 minutes

Kalmomin cryptocurrency da toshewa yanzu ana samun su ko'ina. Za'a iya bayanin irin wannan hankalin na jama'a ta hanyar abubuwa biyu: tsada mai tsada na Bitcoin da kuma sarkakiyar fahimtar asalin fasahar. Tarihin fitowar kudin dijital na farko da kuma fasahar P2P mai tushe zata taimaka mana wajen fahimtar wadannan "jungles din crypto".

Sadarwar Sadarwar

Akwai ma'anoni biyu na Blockchain:

• Ci gaba da jerin jerin tubalan dauke da bayanai.
• Maimaita bayanan da aka rarraba;

Dukansu gaskiyane acikin asalinsu amma basa bada amsar tambayar menene. Don kyakkyawar fahimtar fasaha, ya zama dole a tuna wanne gine-ginen cibiyar sadarwar komputa yake wanene kuma a cikinsu wanene ya mamaye kasuwar tsarin fasahar zamani.

A cikin duka akwai gine-gine iri biyu:

  1. Hanyar sadarwar abokin ciniki;
  2. Hanyar sadarwar abokan-aiki.

Sadarwar a cikin hanyar farko tana nuna ikon sarrafa komai na komai: aikace-aikace, bayanai, samun dama. Duk dabarun tsarin da bayanai suna ɓoye a cikin sabar, wanda ke rage buƙatun buƙatun na na'urorin abokin ciniki da tabbatar da saurin aiki mai sauri. Wannan hanya ta sami kulawa sosai a zamaninmu.

Tsaran-takwarorin-aboki ko kuma hanyoyin sadarwa marasa tsari ba su da wata babbar na'ura, kuma duk mahalarta suna da 'yancin daidai. A cikin wannan samfurin, kowane mai amfani ba kawai mabukaci bane amma kuma ya zama mai ba da sabis.

Wani fasalin farko na cibiyoyin sadarwa tsakanin abokai da abokai shine tsarin aika sakonnin USENET wanda aka kirkira a shekarar 1979. Shekaru biyu masu zuwa sun kasance masu alama ta kirkirar P2P (Abokin-Aboki) - aikace-aikace a fagage daban daban. Ofayan shahararrun misalai shine sabis ɗin Napster, cibiyar sadarwar fayel-da-aboki ta hanyar raba fayil, ko BOINC, dandamali na software don rarraba lissafi, da kuma yarjejeniyar BitTorrent, wanda shine tushen abokan cinikin zamani.

Tsarin tsarin da ke kan tsarin sadarwar bazuwar na ci gaba da wanzuwa, amma a bayyane ana yin asara ga uwar garken abokin ciniki cikin yawaitar da biyan bukatun masu amfani.

data Storage

Mafi yawan aikace-aikace da tsarin aiki na yau da kullun suna buƙatar ikon aiki da saitin bayanai. Akwai hanyoyi da yawa don tsara irin wannan aikin kuma ɗayansu yana amfani da hanyar tsara-zuwa-tsara. Rarraba, ko a layi daya, bayanan bayanan ana rarrabe su da gaskiyar cewa bayanai a sashi ko cikakke an adana su akan kowace na'urar hanyar sadarwa.

Ofaya daga cikin fa'idodin irin wannan tsarin shine samuwar bayanai: babu wani mawuyacin fa'ida, kamar yadda lamarin yake tare da rumbun adana bayanan da ke kan uwar garke ɗaya. Hakanan wannan maganin yana da wasu iyakoki akan saurin sabunta bayanai da kuma rarraba su tsakanin mambobin cibiyar sadarwa. Irin wannan tsarin ba zai iya jure nauyin miliyoyin masu amfani da ke buga sabon bayani koyaushe ba.

Kayan fasaha na toshewa yana ɗaukar amfani da ɗakunan bayanan da aka rarraba na tubalan, waɗanda jerin jeri ne (kowane yanki na gaba yana ƙunshe da wanda ya gabata). Kowane memba na cibiyar sadarwar yana adana kwafin duk ayyukan da aka yi na kowane lokaci. Wannan ba zai yiwu ba tare da wasu sabbin abubuwa waɗanda aka tsara don tabbatar da aminci da wadatar cibiyar sadarwar ba. Wannan ya kawo mu ga ginshiƙan “ginshiƙi” na ƙarshe - cryptography. Ya kamata ku tuntubi wani kamfanin bunkasa wayar hannu don hayar masu haɓaka toshewa don haɗa wannan fasahar cikin kasuwancinku.

Blockchain

Bayan nazarin manyan abubuwan da aka kirkira da tarihin ƙirƙirar fasaha, lokaci yayi da ƙarshe a fatattakar tatsuniyar da ke da alaƙa da kalmar “toshewa”. Yi la'akari da misali mai sauƙi na musayar kuɗin dijital, ƙa'idar aiki da fasahar toshewa ba tare da kwamfuta ba.

A ce muna da ƙungiyar mutane 10 waɗanda suke so su iya aiwatar da ayyukan canjin kuɗi a wajen tsarin banki. Yi la'akari da ayyukan da mahalarta ke aiwatarwa a gaba, inda takaddun takarda na yau da kullun zasu wakilci toshewa:

Akwatin fanko

Kowane ɗan takara yana da akwati wanda zai ƙara zanen gado tare da bayani game da duk ayyukan da aka kammala a cikin tsarin.

Lokacin ma'amala

Kowane ɗan takara yana zaune tare da takarda da alkalami kuma a shirye yake ya yi rikodin duk ma'amalar da za a yi.

A wani lokaci, mahalarta lamba 2 yana son aika dala 100 zuwa lambar mai halarta 9.

Domin kammala ma'amala, Mahalarta A'a. 2 yana sanarwa ga kowa: "Ina so in canza dala 100 zuwa Na 9, don haka yi bayanin wannan a takardar ku."

Bayan wannan, kowa ya bincika don ganin idan Mahalarta 2 yana da ma'auni wanda ya isa ya kammala ma'amala. Idan haka ne, kowa yayi rubutu game da ma'amala akan takardun sa.

Bayan wannan, ana ɗaukar ma'amala cikakke.

Aiwatar da ma'amaloli

Bayan lokaci, sauran mahalarta suma suna buƙatar yin ayyukan musaya. Mahalarta suna ci gaba da sanarwa da yin rikodin kowane ma'amala da aka yi. A cikin misalinmu, ana iya yin rijistar ma'amaloli 10 a kan takarda ɗaya, bayan haka ya zama dole a saka takardar da aka kammala a cikin akwati kuma ɗauki sabon.

Dingara wani Sheet a Akwatin

Gaskiyar cewa an sanya takarda a cikin akwati yana nufin cewa duk mahalarta sun yarda da ingancin duk ayyukan da aka gudanar da rashin yiwuwar sauya takardar a nan gaba. Wannan shine abin da ke tabbatar da amincin duk ma'amala tsakanin mahalarta waɗanda basu yarda da juna ba.

Mataki na ƙarshe shine batun gama gari na warware matsalar janar-janar na Byzantine. A cikin yanayin hulɗar mahalarta nesa, wasu daga cikinsu na iya zama masu kutse, ya zama dole a sami dabarun cin nasara ga kowa. Hanyar warware wannan matsalar ana iya kallon ta ta hanyar tsarin gasa.

Future

A fagen kayan kida, Bitcoin, kasancewa farkon masarrafan taro, ya nuna yadda za a yi wasa da sabbin dokoki ba tare da masu shiga tsakani da iko daga sama ba. Koyaya, watakila ma mafi mahimmanci sakamakon fitowar Bitcoin shine ƙirƙirar fasahar toshewa. Tuntuɓi kamfanonin haɓaka blockchain don hayar masu haɓaka toshe don haɗa wannan fasahar cikin kasuwancinku.

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